Usb ws2812

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The USB_WS2812 board
The USB_WS2812 board

This is the documentation page for the USB_WS2812 board. That you can buy in the BitWizard shop.

Overview

This board enables you to drive up to 600 WS2812 fullcolor RGB leds. These leds are sometimes called "neopixels". The board can drive up to 75 leds in in 8 strings. Due to the way things are implemented it is not possible to drive a single string of say 600 leds. Furthermore you would not want that: for each led on a string there is a fixed amount of time necessary for sending its data. Too many leds and the refresh rate has to drop!


Assembly instructions

None: the board comes fully assembled.

External resources

Datasheets

The datasheet of the WS2812B chip/led.

Additional software

Related projects

Pinout

The USB connector is a standard micro USB connector.

Pinout of the 16-pin header:

function pin pin function
GND 1 2 D7 Data for led-chain 7.
GND 3 4 D6 Data for led-chain 6.
GND 5 6 D5 Data for led-chain 5.
GND 7 8 D4 Data for led-chain 4.
GND 9 10 D3 Data for led-chain 3.
GND 11 12 D2 Data for led-chain 2.
GND 13 14 D1 Data for led-chain 1.
GND 15 16 D0 Data for led-chain 0.

Please ignore the other connectors on the board.


Each pin controls 75 leds:

pin leds
D0 0-74
D1 75-149
D2 150-224
D3 225-299
D4 300-374
D5 375-449
D6 450-524
D7 525-599

LEDs

There are two leds. One is the power led. It should be lit whenever the USB is connected. The other should blink every two seconds (one second on, one second off).

Jumper settings

This board has no jumpers.


Protocol

When you connect the board to your PC or raspberry PI, you will get a virtual com port. You can use your favorite communications program to talk to the device. (I personally use "kermit" because I've been using that for 30 years).

The board supports the following commands:

help

Print a list of supported commands, and also the compilation time of the firmware. You might see a few commands that are there for debugging purposes. Consider those not described here as "do not use".

pix

pix <num> <color>

Set pixel "num" to color "color". Color is specified in 6 hexadecimal digits specifying the color in RGB order. Specifying 102030 will set the red component to 0x10, or about 1/16th of full intensity, the green component to 0x20/0xff or aobut 1/8th of full intensity and blue to about 3/16th.

shift

Shift each chain one pixel towards the controller board.

rainbow

Create a rainbow color effect.

  rainbow [start] [nleds]

will create a rainbow starting at the led "start" and extend over "nleds" leds. The rainbow starts with red, fades via yellow, green, cyan, blue, violet back to red, so it is cyclic.

white

will set all leds to white.

black

will set all leds off (black).

color

sets a fixed color.

 color <color> [start] [nleds]

Sets "nleds" starting at "start" to the color specified by "color".

fade

creates a fade from one color to another color.

 fade <start> <nleds> <color1> <color2>


uid

print the uuniq identifier for this board.

Some chips have an


The software

Default operation

Future hardware enhancements

Future software enhancements

Changelog

1.0

  • Initial public release