Raspberry Relay

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The Raspberry Relay board
The Raspberry Relay board

The Raspberry Relay board makes it possible to control 4 relays using your Raspberry Pi. It can be found in the shop here.

Overview

The Raspberry Relay board can be connected to a Raspberry Pi using the 26-pin GPIO connector. The relays can be controlled using the Raspberry Pi GPIO pins. Optionally, the Pi can be powered by the micro USB port on the Relay board. This way, the connectors for power, ethernet and USB are on one side. Please note that the polyfuse will be bypassed if the Pi is powered via the Relay board. The polyfuse prevents damage when a short-circuit occurs.

Pinout

Pin numbering
Pin numbering of the Relay Board
Pin 1 Pin 2 Pin 3 Pin 4 Pin 5 Pin 6 Pin 7 Pin 8 Pin 9 Pin 10
Neutral Relay 1 out Neutral Relay 2 out Neutral Relay 3 out Neutral Relay 4 out Neutral Hot

If you want to switch mains, you should connect the 'Hot' wire to pin 10. In EU countries, this is usually the brown wire. The blue wire is the 'Neutral', and should be connected to pin 9. All other wires should be connected in the same way, so 'Neutral' to 'Neutral' and a 'Hot' wire to a relay output pin.

Usage

The module can be controlled with the GPIO pins on the Pi. Set a pin high, the relay will switch on and when the pin is low the relay will switch off. The pins are wired as follows:

Relay no. Pin number Pin name (Broadcom ref.) Pin name (wiringPi)
1 11 GPIO17 0
2 12 GPIO18 1
3 13 GPIO21 (rev 1)/GPIO27 (rev 2) 2
4 15 GPIO22 3

Examples

Shell

gpio mode 0 out
gpio mode 1 out
gpio mode 2 out
gpio mode 3 out
  • Enabling a relay:
gpio write X 1

where X is the relay number (0 to 3)

  • Disabling a relay:
gpio write X 0

For more information about the gpio utility, see this page

Python

  • Install the RPi.GPIO Python module:
sudo apt-get install python-rpi.gpio
  • start the python interpreter
python
  • or create a script
nano gpio.py
  • The Python script should look like this:
#!/usr/bin/env python
#import the GPIO library
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
#select the board mode pin numbering
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD)
#set the needed GPIO pins as output
GPIO.setup(11, GPIO.OUT) #relay 1
GPIO.setup(12, GPIO.OUT) #relay 2
GPIO.setup(13, GPIO.OUT) #relay 3
GPIO.setup(15, GPIO.OUT) #relay 4
#toggle the relays
GPIO.output(13,True) #Enable relay 3 
GPIO.output(11,False) #Disable relay 1
  • For more information on the RPi.GPIO module, see this page.

Datasheets

5A variant: Songle SRD-05VDC

10A variant: Omron G5LE-14